Geometry - Circles - Other Angles

Other Angles

Theorem 73: If a tangent and a diameter meet at the point of tangency, then they are perpendicular to one another.

In Figure 1 , diameter AB meets tangent at B. According to Theorem 73, AB which means that mABC = 90° and mABD = 90°.






Figure 1A tangent to the circle and a diameter of the circle meeting at the point of tangency.


Theorem 74: If a chord is perpendicular to a tangent at the point of tangency, then it is a diameter.
Example 1:Theorem 74 could be used to find the center of a circle if two tangents to the circle were known. In Figure 2 , is tangent to the circle at P, is tangent to the circle at S. Use these facts to find the center of the circle.






Figure 2Finding the center of a circle when two tangents to the circle are known.


According to Theorem 74, if a chord is drawn perpendicular to at P, it is a diameter, which means that it passes through the center of the circle.
Similarly, if a chord is drawn perpendicular to at S, it too would be a diameter and pass through the center of the circle. The point where these two chords intersect would then be the center of the circle. See Figure 3 .






Figure 3Chords drawn perpendicular to tangents to help in finding the center of the circle.


Theorem 75: The measure of an angle formed by two chords intersecting inside a circle is equal to half the sum of the measures of the intercepted arcs associated with the angle and its vertical angle counterpart.
In Figure 4 , chords AC and BD intersect inside the circle at E.






Figure 4Angles formed by two chords intersecting inside a circle.


By Theorem 75:,




Theorem 76: The measure of an angle formed by a tangent and a chord meeting at the point of tangency is half the measure of the intercepted arc.
In Figure 5 , chord QR and tangent meet at R. By Theorem 76, m ∠1 = 1/2 ( m) and m ∠ 2 = ½ ( m).






Figure 5A tangent to the circle and a chord meeting at the point of tangency.


Theorem 77: The measure of an angle formed by two secants intersecting outside a circle is equal to one half the difference of the measures of the intercepted arcs.
In Figure 6 , secants and intersect at G. According to Theorem 77, m ∠1 = 1/2( mm).






Figure 6Two secants to the circle meeting outside the circle.


Example 2: Find m ∠1 in Figures 7 (a) through (d).






Figure 7Angles formed by intersecting chords, secants, and/or tangents.


Example 3: Find the value of y in Figures 8 (a) through (d).






Figure 8Angles formed by intersecting chords, secants, and/or tangents

  CliffsNotes.com. Other Angles. 7 Feb 2013
< http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/topicArticleId-18851,articleId-18826.html>.

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