Difference between ACT and SAT Exams
The ACT is an achievement test measuring what a student has learned in school.
The SAT is an aptitude test measuring testing reasoning and verbal abilities.
The ACT has 5 components: English, Mathematics, Reading, Sciences and an optional writing test. You take the writing test-only if required by the college(s) you’re applying to.
The SAT has 3 components: Critical Reasoning, Mathematics, and a required writing test.
The ACT is scored based on the number of correct answers with no penalty for guessing.
The SAT has a correction for guessing. They take off for wrong answers.
SAT Length 3 hours 45 minutes
ACT Length 3 hours 25 minutes (includes optional 30‐minute Writing Test)
SAT 10 Sections: 3 Critical Reading, 3 Math, 3 Writing (include Essay), 1 Experimental (not scored)
ACT 4 Sections (plus optional Writing Test): English, Math, Reading, Science, Writing
SAT Math - Arithmetic , Geometry, Algebra, and Algebra II
ACT Math - Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry, and Trigonometry
SAT Essay Required
ACT Essay Optional (final section)
SAT Score - Composition 1/3 Math, 1/3 Reading, 1/3 Writing
ACT Score - ¼ English, ¼ Math, ¼ Reading, ¼ Science
SAT Scoring Aggregate score 600‐2400 based on total of 3 scores 200‐800 (Reading, Math, Writing) Score of 0‐12 for Essay
ACT Scoring Composite score 1‐36 based on average of 4 sections (English, Math, Reading, Science) Score 0‐12 for Optional Essay
Additional Information www.collegeboard.com www.actstudent.org